Ref NoPP MS 5
TitlePapers of Sir John Thomas Pratt
Date(s) of Creation1892-1960
Level of DescriptionCollection
Extent29 boxes
Name of CreatorPratt; Sir; John Thomas (1876-1970); Knight; diplomat
Administrative & Biographical HistoryJohn Thomas Pratt was born on 13th January 1876, sixth son of Edward Pratt who worked for the Indian Salt Revenue Service. He was educated at Dulwich College. In 1905 he was called to the Bar, Middle Temple. Between 1898 and 1924, he served with the British Consular Service in China, holding various posts including Student Interpreter from 1898; British Assessor in Mixed Court at Shanghai Consul from 1909; Vice-Consul in China from 1910; Consul at Tsinan from 1913 and Consul-General from 1919; Nanking 1922 and Shanghai 1924. In 1925 he was transferred to the Foreign Office, acting as Adviser on Far Eastern Affairs. He remained in this post until 1938. From 1939 to 1941 he served as Head of Far Eastern Section of the Ministry of Information.

For twenty years he served as the Foreign Secretary's representative on the Universities China Committee. He was also Chairman of the British and Chinese Corporation, Member of the Scarborough Commission and Vice-Chairman of the Governing Body of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

John Thomas Pratt was married twice, to his first wife Edith Violet Houson Parker in 1914 (d 1937), and his second wife Dorothy Barker in 1943. He died on 23rd January 1970.

He had authored several works including Great Britain and China ; Japan and the Modern World , 1942; War and Politics in China , 1943; Before Pearl Harbour , 1943; China and Japan ; China and Britain , 1944; Expansion of Europe into the Far East , 1947 and several pamphlets.
Held at:SOAS University of London
Source of AcquisitionDeposited by Lady Dorothy Pratt in 1976.
DescriptionMost of the papers date from after 1941 (he was blitzed three times), and include correspondence concerning his various publications, files on his campaign against British involvement in the Korean War, articles, lecture notes and press cuttings. Also includes correspondence, dating from 1949 to 1957, with his brother William (Billy) Henry Pratt (1887-1969), whose stage name was Boris Karloff.
System of ArrangementThe papers are arranged into 5 categories: general correspondence; Korean War; personal and family correspondence; published works, articles, lectures by John Thomas Pratt; miscellaneous.
Access StatusOpen
CopyrightCopyright held by Pratt/Karloff family
Conditions Governing ReproductionFor permission to publish, please contact Archives & Special Collections, SOAS Library in the first instance
Language(s) of MaterialEnglish
Other Finding AidsUnpublished handlist
Access Points - SubjectActors
Artists
Asian cultures
Central government
Civil servants
Civil service
Diplomacy
Foreign relations
Government
International conflicts
Korean War (1950-1953)
Newspaper press
Performers
Press
Public administration
Travel abroad
War (concept)
Wars (events)
Access Points - Places
Place CodePlace Name
7729894Eastern Asia
1805753Jinan
1799962Nanjing
1796236Shanghai
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