Ref NoMS 381142
TitlePhotographs of China by Colonel Robert Ruxton
Date(s) of Creationc.1900-1922
Level of DescriptionCollection
Extent1 box
Name of CreatorRuxton; Robert Minturn Clarges (1876-1946); Soldier and government advisor in China
Administrative & Biographical HistoryRobert Minturn Clarges Ruxton 1876-1946, son of Admiral William FitzHerbert Ruxton, joined the Essex Regiment in 1897, and began his association with China in 1900 when he was seconded to the First Chinese, or Weihaiwei, Regiment. This was the only unit of Chinese solders the British army ever raised, and was based in the Leased Territory of Weihaiwei in Shandong. It saw action in the 1900 Boxer War, and some of its men marched in the Coronation parade in London in 1902, but was disbanded in 1906. Ruxton then seems to have been in South Africa, but he returned to China working for the Chinese government’s Salt Inspectorate, between 1914-27, and again as a financial advisor to the National Government on Prevention Affairs from 1931 until at least 1937. During the First World War, like many Britons working in China who had experience of working in Shandong, he served in the Chinese Labour Corps on the Western Front. The photographs in the collection are an eclectic mix of photographs that he seems to have taken himself, especially those showing people and scenes in Weihaiwei, and the men of the Weihaiwei Regiment, and others taken, collected or purchased elsewhere. Ruxton served in Peking and Shanghai in his later posts, and also made inspection trips into the Chinese countryside. His step-daughter married a British consular official, who later joined the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank, and who was himself the son of Bishop Cassels, one of the China Inland Mission’s ‘Cambridge Seven’.
Held at:SOAS University of London
Custodial HistoryPhotograph albums briefly in the custody of the University of Bristol for digitisation as part of their Historical Photographs of China project, before being transferred to SOAS Library.
Source of AcquisitionMaterial donated to SOAS Library by Penelope Fowler. Received by SOAS in April and July 2012.
DescriptionTwo albums of photographs depicting Colonel Ruxton and family, many taken in Weihaiwei, China. Also includes a travel diary thought to have been kept by the donor's grandmother describing daily experiences traveling in China, including Peking [Beijing] and the surrounding area, 1922.
Access StatusTemporarily Closed
CopyrightCopyright held by SOAS, University of London
Language(s) of MaterialEnglish
Existence & Location of CopiesAlbums were digitised as part of the University of Bristol Historical Photographs of China project and are available to view online at under HPC reference Ru01, Ru02, Ru-s (search for 'Ruxton').
Access Points - Person, Corporate & Family Names
Name CodePerson, Corporate or Family NameType of Entity
GB/SOASNAF/P1322Ruxton; Robert Minturn Clarges (1876-1946); Soldier and government advisor in ChinaPerson
Access Points - Places
Place CodePlace Name
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